Community Based REDD+ Regional Training

Sunday, January 3rd, 2021

Community Based REDD+ Regional Training was organized by 5 regional NEFIN District Coordination Councils (DCCs) in partnership with NEFIN Climate Change and REDD Partnership Program. The series of trainings first started from the Eastern Development region and ended in the far western development region. The trainings were held in 5 districts: Dhankuta Eastern Development Region, Rupandehi western development region, Surkhet Midwestern development region, Parsa, central development region and Doti far western development region. The main objectives of the training were to build the capacity of the Indigenous leaders, to share the ideas about the climate change process, community based REDD+ process, to share international negotiations on UNFCCC process, to update National updates related to NEFIN activities and government activities and to update on the technical process of Carbon inventory in the field. Altogether, there were 211 participants (male 143 and Female 68) from 52 districts covering 5 regions. Total time duration of the trainings was 3 days. First two days highlighted the concept of Climate change, Community based REDD+, FPIC process and theory part of forest carbon inventory. Third day was planned for carbon inventory field work and evaluation of the training. Detail regional schedule is as follows:

SN Organizer District Region Participant Date M F T

  1. Dhankuta DCC Dhankuta Eastern Development Region 31 14 45 29-31 Jan, 2013
  2. Parsa DCC Parsa Central Development Region 30 13 43 26-28 Feb ,2013
  3. Rupandehi DCC Rupandehi Western Development Region 36 16 52 15-17 Feb, 2013
  4. Surkhet DCC Surkhet Mid Western development Region 24 10 34 19-21 Feb, 2013
  5. Doti DCC Doti Far Western development 22 15 37 16-18 Feb, 2013

 

Training procedure
The training was scheduled for 3 days. The first two days included theoretical knowledge on climate change Community based REDD+, FPIC process and forest carbon inventory and the last day was scheduled for carbon inventory field work and evaluation of the training. Theoretical sessions included presentation, interaction, and questions and answers. Related video documentary, cartoons and songs were displayed during the training session to facilitate the understanding of the participants. Group work and group presentations were also done. In each region except Doti, District Forest Officer (DFO) also gave presentation driver of deforestation in respective district and role to control the deforestation of District Forest Office.

 

Outcomes
The main outcome of the training was that the participants were well informed in detail about Community Based REDD + process, Indigenous peoples perspective in REDD + process, FPIC, PES and NEFIN position in REDD + process related to ILO 169 and UNDRIP. The other important aspect of the sessions was the sharing of the concept of community Based REDD+ process and safeguards among the participants which is the most important process that should be carried out before carbon trading in their respected locality. The participants also gained knowledge on the process of carbon measurement by participating in the carbon measurement exercise in the field.
This training has empowered the indigenous leaders from more than 52 districts on the issues of climate change and community based REDD + process and they have expressed that they can raise strong voice and stand for the full and effective participation in any district and national activities related to REDD+ and other rights of indigenous peoples. Presentation by DFO on drivers of deforestation in respective district was most effective and appreciated by the participants. This also became a platform for district leaders to interact face to face with government agencies, and raise questions about programs and budgetary part for the indigenous people in their respective district. Inviting Government agencies like LDO, CDO, DFO, DFSC officers, FECOFUN and other NGOs, INGOS, media people, and Journalists in the opening and closing sessions was effective because it provided Indigenous leaders a chance to raise question and disucss about IP related concerned programs and budget to which LDO, CDO, DFO responded very clearly. This training also provided opportunities to DFO, CDO, LDO and other government agencies and NGOs, INGOs to know about Climate Change and indigenous Peoples’ concern in REDD+ process, FPIC process which was appreciated by the government and non government agencies. Guest presentation was most effective, DFOs informed about their respective district forest program and committed to involve NEFIN District chapter in district level programs.

 

Conclusion
The regional training was successfully conducted by the 5 District Coordination Councils in 5 development region where 211 Indigenous leaders including 143 male and 68 female participants took part. The group work during the last session of the training programme was more effective since participants put their best effort to conclude the given topic. Groups discussed that indigenous people should have a good understanding of climate change, REDD+, FPIC and national, international updates. They understand that it is important to have IPs’ full and effective participation while developing National REDD+ strategy, to make policies favorable for indigenous people and to share the benefits of carbon trade, REDD+ and to increase the access of IP on those benefits and to monitor deforestation and forest degradation, promoting healthy environment. The participants pointed out that collective identity of IPs are not fully accepted which has become a major challenge. Similarly, lack of education and awareness level of IPs, lack of full and effective participation of IPs in policy formulating level were discussed during the presentation.

Practical carbon inventory in the field was very effective during the training where participants got a chance to be familiar with Carbon inventory tools like GPS, Clino Master, D-Tape, Compass etc. They were briefed on Carbon inventory method like circular method measured above and below biomass calculating carbon method. On the last day, evaluation was also done which was the most effective part of the training where participants put their recommendations for the organizer.

 

Recommendation
The three day training schedule was not enough for more interaction and question answer with the trainees and with the resource person. Trainees were curious to know more about the impact of climate change, REDD+ process and FPIC process but due to limited time, trainees and resource persons didn’t have enough time for a more reflective discussion.