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12 Nov. 2013, Warsaw, Poland
Thank you co-chairs, for this opportunity to speak on behalf of International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC).
We would like to reiterate that most of the remaining forests in the world today, are found in indigenous peoples’ customary-owned or managed territories, lands and resources. Therefore, any decision on our lands and forests, should not in anyway, interfere to our fundamental rights. In this context, we would like to put forward the following recommendations:
We would like to express our serious concern regarding the pre-ambular paragraph on livelihoods in Annex 5. The term “livelihoods” inherently encompasses the ways of life of indigenous communities, therefore implying that traditional livelihoods “may be dependent on activities related to drivers of deforestation and forest degradation.”As many indigenous communities around the worldhave demonstrated that traditional livelihoods are not related to drivers of deforestation. Rather, indigenous peoples’ traditional forest conservation and management practices have contributed both to adaptation and mitigation of climate change. Our livelihoods need to be acknowledged as part of the solution, not part of the problem.Therefore, we would like to request the parties to rephrase the paragraph and make it clear that forest-related traditional livelihoods of indigenous peoples do not cause deforestation.
Non-carbon benefits should be valued properly and should be defined within a human rights framework including respect and recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples to lands, territories and natural resources. It must also take into account our unique world-views, traditional knowledge, customary governance systems and our immeasurable cultural and spiritual values.
The methodological guidance on non carbon benefits and Safeguard Information Systems (SIS) must respect, recognize and promote the community based participatory monitoring and information systems, including traditional knowledge, customary laws, forest management systems and practices of indigenous peoples. Technical assistance and capacity building must be prioritized and supported for indigenous peoples.
We are encouraged by the inclusion of REDD in the Green Climate Fund. We also note the presence of provisions for Safeguard and Grievance Mechanisms in the Governing Instrument of the GCF. We call on the parties to support our call that proper institutional representation and access of indigenous peoples to the Green Climate Fund as observers to the Board be put in place.
Finally, we urge REDD partnership to ensure that, all climate change adaptation and mitigation policies, strategies, actions and programmes respect the collective rights of indigenous peoples to forests, land, territories and resources, in line with the international standards and instruments such as UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and ILO Convention 169.
70. Encourages developing country Parties to contribute to mitigation actions in the forest sector by undertaking the following activities, as deemed appropriate by each Party and in accordance with their respective capabilities and national circumstances:
(a) Reducing emissions from deforestation;
(b) Reducing emissions from forest degradation;
(c) Conservation of forest carbon stocks;
(d) Sustainable management of forest;
(e) Enhancement of forest carbon stocks;
When undertaking activities referred to in paragraph 70 of this decision, the following safeguards should be promoted and supported:
(a) Actions complement or are consistent with the objectives of national forest programmes and relevant international conventions and agreements;(b) Transparent and effective national forest governance structures, taking into account national legislation and sovereignty;
(c) Respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples and members of local communities, by taking into account relevant international obligations, national circumstances and laws, and noting that the United Nations General Assembly has adopted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;
(d) The full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, in particular, indigenous peoples and local communities, in actions referred to in paragraphs 70 and 72 of this decision;
(e) Actions are consistent with the conservation of natural forests and biological diversity, ensuring that actions referred to in paragraph 70 of this decision are not used for the conversion of natural forests, but are instead used to incentivize the protection andconservation of natural forests and their ecosystem services, and to enhance other social and environmental benefits;1
(f) Actions to address the risks of reversals;
(g) Actions to reduce displacement of emissions.
Paying attention to the ratification of Indigenous Tribal Peoples Convention (ILO C 169) and adoption of UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples ( UNDRIP) by the government of Nepal,
Realizing the Anchorage Declaration of the Indigenous Peoples Global Summit on Climate Change held in Anchorage Alaska in the United States of America,
Considering the fact that we the indigenous peoples are the communities who have direct symbiotic relations with the nature,
Keeping in mind the demands and claims of indigenous peoples’ rights to self-determination, prerogative rights over natural resources and ownership and control over their lands that resulted from indigenous peoples’ continuous struggle from the past,
Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) declares the following points as a minimal concept of indigenous peoples of Nepal with regard to Climate Change and REDD:
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